Nikos Kazantzakis — Land and Freedom (1953)
Setting: Ottoman Empire Crete, 1889
What it’s about: A realistic and sometimes ironic portrait of a community divided by conflict, the resistance fighters who take to the hills, the authorities and the few who attempt to keep the peace.
It is unsparing in its criticism of the atrocities and hypocrisy on both sides, but gives enough redeeming grace to both sides. At the end, it questions whether stubborn bravery is a good quality or a barrier to peace.